The pacreas is an organ about the size of a hand located in the abdomen in the vicinity of the stomach, intestines, and other organs. It lies behind the stomach and in front of the spine. The pancreas performs two critical functions in the body:
The production juices that help digest food
The production of hormones such as insulin and glucagon that maintain optimal blood sugar levels and help the body use and store energy from food.
Pancreatoduodenectomy is commonly referred to as the "Whipple Procedure" in which the surgeon removes cancerous parts of the pancreas, duodenum, common bile duct, and if required, portions of the stomach.